Fascia and Soffit Explained & How to Check for Damage

Soffit and fascia damaged due to strong winds.
Soffit and fascia damaged due to strong winds.

Spot and Prevent Fascia and Soffit Problems

You know it’s important to take care of your home’s exterior, but sometimes it’s easy to overlook two essential parts of your roofing system—soffit and fascia.

Why Are Fascia and Soffit Important?

Soffit and fascia provide the exterior of your home with both form and function. In terms of aesthetics, these features create a visual interest by offering a smooth, finished appearance. They also serve a few important functions by offering protection from weather conditions, concealing your attic ventilation, and keeping out pests like birds, bats, and squirrels.

What Are Fascia and Soffit?

Fascia is the exposed horizontal band you see at the end of the rafters and is used to create a barrier between the outside and the edge of the roof. Fascia covers the front of your home’s soffit and protects the inside of your home from weather damage by obstructing its entrance.

Soffit refers to the board on the underside of a roof eave that bridges the gap between your house’s siding and the outer edge of the roof.

Soffit includes a series of small holes that move air up through the attic and out the ridge vent on top of your roof. These holes allow the air to cycle the vents thereby drawing moisture and heat away. This is extremely vital as moisture in the attic can lead to rotting in the rafters and sheathing.

Tips for Finding Fascia and Soffit Issues

  1. Cleaning soffit. If you spot mold or mildew on your soffit, create a solution of water and bleach and use a broom or a soft brush to clean off the mold/mildew.
  2. Check soffit and fascia for holes as well as splintered, sagging, or rotten wood. These can be entryways for pests. Don’t forget to trim back tree branches from your roof to prevent critters from nesting near your soffit.
  3. Go through your home and look at the ceilings in every room for discoloration—brown or yellow stains. Moist spots on the interior of your home can be a sign that there is a problem with your soffit and/or fascia.
  4. Water saturation from gutter leaks and gutter clogs can cause damage to your fascia. While you are checking your gutters, look for soffits with peeling paint and/or water stains.
  5. Inspect your soffit vents. You want to make sure that your soffit vents are free and clear of debris. If you have clogged soffit vents, they will limit the airflow into your attic.
  6. Go inside your attic and examine your soffit cavity for damage. Check for rainwater soaking into the fascia board and/or leaking onto the plywood soffit.

Fascia and Soffit Solutions

  1. Install a drip edge into your roof’s decking. This sits underneath the first layer of shingles and repels water from the fascia board.
  2. Get a consultation. Fascia and soffit repair can be time-intensive if you’re considering the DIY route. Getting a free consultation from your home remodeling professionals at M&M can save you time and their work is competitively priced.

Fascia and soffit damage can quickly lead to other issues. Don’t wait for problems with moisture or rot to lead to a full-on home disaster. Remember, replacing your soffit and/or fascia can save you a lot of money in the future. To better understand the full extent of any fascia and/or soffit problems, call M&M’s professionals today for a free in-home consultation at: 1.800.930.2905.